The Ten Commandments And Their Obligations

The Ten Commandments And Their Obligations

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The Ten Commandments

These are the commandments which God gave to man to guide him to happiness in this life and in the next.

1. I AM THE LORD THY GOD: THOU SHALT NOT HAVE STRANGE GODS BEFORE ME.

Commands: Faith, hope, love and worship of God; reverence for holy things: prayer.
Forbids: Idolatry, superstition, spiritism, tempting God, sacrilege, attendance of false worship.

2. THOU SHALT NOT TAKE THE NAME OF THE LORD THY GOD IN VAIN.

Commands: Reverence in speaking about God and holy things; the keeping of oaths and vows.
Forbids: blasphemy, the irreverent use of God’s name, speaking disrespectfully of holy things, false oaths and the breaking of vows.

3. REMEMBER THOU KEEP HOLY THE SABBATH DAY.

Commands: Going to Church on Sundays and holy days.
Forbids: Missing Mass, coming late for Mass through one’s own fault; unnecessary servile work on Sundays and public buying and selling etc.

4. HONOR THY FATHER AND MOTHER THAT THY DAYS MAY BE LONG IN THE LAND WHICH THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE.

Commands: Love, respect, obedience on the part of children; care on the part of parents for the spiritual and temporal welfare of their children; obedience to civil and religious superiors.
Forbids: Hatred of parents and superiors, disrespect, disobedience.

5. THOU SHALT NOT KILL.

Commands: Safeguarding of one’s own life and bodily welfare and that of others.
Forbids: Unjust killing, suicide, abortion, sterilization, endangering life of self and others.

6. THOU SHALT NOT COMMIT ADULTRY.

Commands: Chastity in words and deed.
Forbids: Obscene speech; impure actions alone or with others.

7. THOU SHALT NOT STEAL.

Commands: Respect for the property and rights of others; the paying of just debts; paying just wages to employees; integrity in public officials.
Forbids: Theft; damage to the property of others; not paying just debts; not returning found or borrowed articles; giving unjust measure or weight in selling; not paying just wages; bribery; graft; cheating; fraud; accepting stolen property; not giving an honest day’s work for wages received; violation of contract.

8. THOU SHALT NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS AGAINST THY NEIGHBOR.

Commands: Truthfulness, respect for the good name of others; the observance of secrecy when required.
Forbids: Lying, injury to the good name of others, slander, tale bearing, rash judgment, contemptuous speech and the violation of secret.

9. THOU SHALT NOT COVERT THY NEIGHBOR’S WIFE.

Commands: Purity in thought.
Forbids: willful impure thoughts and desires.

10. THOU SHALT NOT COVERT THY NEIGHBOR’S GOODS.

Commands: Respect for the rights of others.
Forbids: The desire to take, to keep, or to damage the property of others.

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