Tag: Church teachings

Catholic Treasures III [Final Part].

Catholic Treasures III [Final Part].

…conclusion 

31) THE 14 HOLY HELPERS:

1. St. George, Martyr, April 23.

2. St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr, February 3.

3. St. Pantaleon, Martyr, July 27.

4. St. Vitus, Martyr, June 15.

5. St. Erasmus (Elmo), Bishop and Martyr, June 2.

6. St. Christopher, Martyr, July 25.

7. St. Giles, Abbot, September 1.

8. St. Cyriacus (Cyriac), Martyr, August 8.

9. St. Achatius, Martyr, May 8

10. St. Dionysius (Denis), Bishop and Martyr, October 9

11. St. Eustachius (Eustace), Martyr, September 20

12. St. Catherine of Alexandria, Virgin and Martyr, November 25

13. St. Margaret of Antioch, Virgin and Martyr, July 20

14. St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, December 4.

32) THE 7 LAST WORDS OF CHRIST:

a. Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. (Luke 23:34).

b. Amen I say to thee: This day thou shalt be with me in paradise. (Luke 23:43).

c. Woman, behold thy son. . . .Behold thy mother. (John 19:26-27).

d. Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani? (My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?) (Matthew 27:46, ref. Psalm 21).

e. I thirst. (John 19:28).

f. It is consummated. (John 19:30).

g. Father, into Thy hands I commend my spirit. (Luke 23:46, ref. Psalm 30:6).

33) THE 4 LAST THINGS (THE NOVISSIMA):

a. Death

b. Judgment

c. Heaven

d. Hell.

34) THE CORPORAL WORKS OF MERCY:

a. To feed the hungry

b. To give drink to the thirsty

c. To clothe the naked

d. To shelter the homeless

e. To visit the sick

f. To visit the imprisoned

g. To bury the dead.

35) THE SPIRITUAL WORKS OF MERCY:

a. To counsel the doubtful

b. To instruct the ignorant

c. To admonish sinners

d. To comfort the sorrowful

e. To forgive all injuries/offenses

f. To bear wrongs patiently

g. To pray for the living and the dead.

36) CLASSES OF GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT KNOWN AS CHARISMATA:

a. Teaching

b. Faith

c. Grace of healing

d. Apostleship

e. Prophecy.

37) THE SACRAMENTS:

a. Baptism

b. Confirmation/Chrismation

c. Holy Eucharist

d. Penance (Confession/Reconciliation)

e. Holy Matrimony

f. Holy Order

g. Anointing of the Sick.

40) THE GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:

a. Wisdom

b. Understanding

c. Counsel

d. Fortitude

e. Knowledge

f. Piety

g. Fear of the Lord.

41) THE THREE EMINENT GOOD WORKS:

a. Prayer

b. Fasting

c. Alms-giving.

42) FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST:

a. Charity

b. Joy

c. Peace

d. Patience

e. Benignity

f. Goodness

g. Longanimity

h. Mildness

i. Faith

j. Modesty

k. Continency

l. Chastity.

43) CARDINAL VIRTUES:

a. Prudence

b. Justice

c. Fortitude

d. Temperance.

44) LITURGICAL SEASONS:

a. Advent

b. Christmas

c. Ordinary Time

d. Lent 

e. Easter.

45) THE APOSTLES OF JESUS AND HOW THEY DIED:

a. Matthew: Killed by a sword in Ethiopia.

b. Mark: He was dragged by horses in Alexandria-Egypt through the streets until he was dead.

c. Luke: Was hanged in Greece.

d. John: Though he was boiled in huge basin of boiling oil in Rome; yet he miraculously did not die, but later became the only Apostle to die naturally.

e. Peter: was crucified upside down on an x-shaped cross. According to the Church Tradition, it was because he told his tormentors that he felt unworthy to die in the same way that Jesus Christ had died.

f. James: He was beaten to death with a fuller’s club.

g. James the Son of Zebedee: He was beheaded in Jerusalem. 

h. Bartholomew: Known as Nathaniel also, was martyred in Armenia where he was flayed to death by a whip.

i. Andrew: He was crucified on an x-shaped cross in Patras-Greece. After being whipped severely by seven soldiers, they tied his body to the cross with cords to prolong his agony. His followers reported that, when he was led towards the cross, Andrew saluted it in these words: ‘I have long desired and expected this happy hour. The cross has been consecrated by the body of Christ hanging on it.’ 

j. Thomas: He was stabbed with a spear.

k. Jude: was killed with arrows.

l. Matthias: The apostle chosen to replace Judas Iscariot was stoned and then beheaded.

m. Paul: He was tortured and then beheaded by Emperor Nero in Rome in A.D 67. 

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What Are Marian Apparitions, And How Can The Church Decide If They Are True?

What Are Marian Apparitions, And How Can The Church Decide If They Are True?

Q: What are Marian apparitions, and how can the Church decide if they are true?

A: Marian apparitions are considered to be private revelations according to what is taught in the Catechism. They don’t “improve or complete Christ’s definitive Revelation, but help to live more fully by it in a certain period of history” (No. 67).

Marian apparitions can be investigated and approved by the local bishop, but in some cases, the Holy See takes over the inquiry. In 1978, Paul VI approved a document of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith that lays out norms for discerning apparitions. Among the criteria used are the harmony of the messages with Catholic doctrine, the docility of the visionaries to Church authority and the signs of the supernatural.

Dr.Robert Fastiggi


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