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Mini Catechism Lessons On Confession And Sin

Mini Catechism Lessons On Confession And Sin

 

Mini Catechism Lesson On Confession And Sin.

How is actual sin divided?

Actual sin is divided into mortal sin and venial sin.

What is mortal sin?

Mortal sin is a serious offence against God.

Why is it called mortal sin?

It is called mortal sin because it is so serious that it kills the soul and deserves Hell.

How does mortal sin kill the soul?

Mortal sin kills the soul by depriving it of sanctifying grace, which is the supernatural life of the soul.

Is it a great evil to fall into mortal sin?

It is the greatest of all evils to fall into mortal sin.

Where will they go who die in mortal sin?

They who die in mortal sin will go to Hell for all eternity.

What is venial sin?

Venial sin is an offence which does not kill the soul, yet displeases God, and often leads to mortal sin.

Why is it called venial sin?

It is called venial sin because it is more easily pardoned than mortal sin 

Penance

What is the Sacrament of Penance?

Penance is a Sacrament whereby the sins, whether mortal or venial, which we have committed after Baptisin are forgiven.

Does the Sacrament of Penance increase the grace of God in the soul?

The Sacrament of Penance increases the grace of God in the soul, besides forgiving sin; we should, therefore, often go to confession.

When did our Lord institute the Sacrament of Penance?

Our Lord instituted the Sacrament of Penance when he breathed on his Apostles and gave them power to forgive sins, saying: ‘Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven’. (John 20:23).

How does the priest forgive sins?

The priest forgives sins by the power of God, when he pronounces the words of absolution.

What are the words of absolution?

The words of absolution are: ‘I absolve you from your sins, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit’.

Are any conditions for forgiveness required on the part of the penitent?

Three conditions for forgiveness are required on the part of the penitent – Contrition, Confession, and Satisfaction.

What is Contrition?

Contrition is a heartfelt sorrow for our sins, because by them we have offended so good a God, together with a firm purpose of amendment.

What is a firm purpose of amendment?

A firm purpose of amendment is a resolution to avoid, by the grace of God, not only sin, but also the dangerous occasions of sin.

How may we obtain a hearty sorrow for our sins?

We may obtain a hearty sorrow for our sins by earnestly praying for it, and by making use of such considerations as may lead us to it.

What consideration concerning God will lead us to sorrow for our sins?

This consideration concerning God will lead us to sorrow for our sins; that by our sins we have offended God, who is infinitely good in himself and infinitely good to us.

What consideration concerning our Saviour will lead us to sorrow for our sins?

This consideration concerning our Saviour will lead us to sorrow for our sins; that our Saviour died for our sins, and that those who sin grievously ‘have wilfully crucified the Son of God and openly mocked him.‘ (Heb. 6:6).

Is sorrow for our sins, because by them we have lost heaven and deserved Hell, sufficient when we go to confession?

Sorrow for our sins, because by them we have lost heaven and deserve Hell, is sufficient when we go to confession.

What is perfect contrition?

Perfect contrition is sorrow for sin arising purely from the love of God.

What special value has perfect contrition?

Perfect contrition has this special value; that by it our sins are forgiven immediately, even before we confess them; but nevertheless, if they are serious, we are strictly bound to confess them afterwards.

What is confession?

Confession is to accuse ourselves of our sins to a priest approved by the Bishop.

What if a person wilfully conceals a serious sin in confession?

If a person wilfully conceals a serious sin in confession he is guilty of a great sacrilege, by telling a lie to the Holy Spirit in making a bad confession.

How many things have we to do in order to prepare for confession?

We have four things to do in order to prepare for confession: first, we must heartily pray for grace to make a good confession: secondly, we must carefully examine our conscience: thirdly, we must take time and care to make a good act of contrition: and fourthly, we must resolve by the help of God to renounce our sins, and to begin a new life for the future.

What is satisfaction?

Satisfaction is doing the penance given us by the priest.

Does the penance given by the priest always make full satisfaction for our sins?

The penance given by the priest does not always make full satisfaction for our sins. We should therefore add to it other good works and penances, and try to gain Indulgences.

(Nihil obstat: Rev. Terry Tekippe, Censor Librorum. Imprimatur: + Most Rev. Francis B. Shulte, Archbishop of New Orleans, 29 December 1989).

PRAYER BEFORE CONFESSION.

(Remember to confess your sins with supernatural sorrow for your sins and with a firm purpose of amendment. Ask your confessor to help you with any difficulties you have in making a good confession).

PRAYER FOR A GOOD CONFESSION.

O my God, by my grievous sins I have crucified again Thy Divine Son and made Him a mockery. For this I have deserved Thy wrath and made myself fit for the fires of Hell. How ungrateful have I been to Thee as well, my heavenly Father, Who created me out of nothing, redeemed me by the precious blood of Thy Son and sanctified me by Thy holy sacraments and by the Holy Ghost. But Thou hast spared me by Thy mercy, to make this confession. Receive me back as Thy prodigal son and grant me to confess well, that I may begin anew to love Thee with my whole heart and soul, and henceforth to keep Thy commandments and suffer patiently whatever temporal punishment may remain. I hope by Thy goodness and power to obtain everlasting life in Paradise. Through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

PRAYERS AFTER CONFESSION.

O Almighty and most merciful God, who, according to the multitude of Thy tender mercies, hast vouchsafed once more to receive Thy prodigal child after so many times going astray from Thee, to this Sacrament of reconciliation; I give Thee thanks with all the power of my soul for this and all other mercies, graces and blessings bestowed on me, and prostrating myself at Thy sacred feet, I offer myself to be henceforth forever Thine. Oh, let nothing in life or death separate me from Thee! I renounce with my whole soul all the acts of treason against Thee, and all the abominations and sins of my past life. I renew the promises I made in Baptism, and from this moment I dedicate myself to Thy love and service. Oh, grant me that for the time to come, I may abhor sin more than death itself, and all such occasions and companions, as have unhappily brought me to it. This I resolve to do by the help of Thy divine grace, without which I can do nothing. I beg Thy blessing upon these my resolutions, that they may not be ineffectual like many others I have formerly made, for, O Lord, without Thee, I am nothing but misery and sin. Supply also, by Thy mercy, whatever defects have been in this my confession, and give me grace to be now and always a true penitent. Through the same Jesus Christ Thy Son. Amen.

5 Facts Of Satan Every Christian Should Know 

5 Facts Of Satan Every Christian Should Know 

Can he read thoughts? Can he predict the future? Move objects across the room? 

Satan and his hosts of demons are mysterious figures of the spiritual realm. They torment followers of Christ on a daily basis, though on most occassions their actions are invisible to the eye.

Over the centuries, the Church has grown in its understanding of these malevolent spiritual beings, Scripture also has much to tell us about Satan and his minions.

Here are five facts that help shed more    light on these dark creatures.

What was Satan before his fall into darkness?


The Catechism of the Catholic Church affirms, “The Church teaches that Satan was at first a good angel, made by God” (CCC 391). He is traditionally named Lucifer, or “light bearer,” when he was a bright angel of light (cf. Isaiah 14:12-15).


Besides that, the Church has varying traditions as to what kind of angel Satan was. Saint Thomas Aquinas argues in his Summa that,Cherubim is interpreted ‘fulness of knowledge,’ while ‘Seraphim’ means ‘those who are on fire,’ or ‘who set on fire.’ Consequently Cherubim is derived from knowledge; which is compatible with mortal sin; but Seraphim is derived from the heat of charity, which is incompatible with mortal sin. Therefore the first angel who sinned is called, not a Seraph, but a Cherub.”


However, there is no dogmatic declaration from the Church regarding whether Satan was a cherub or seraph.

Can Satan (or any devil) predict the future?


The Catechism declares, “The power of Satan is, nonetheless, not infinite. He is only a creature, powerful from the fact that he is pure spirit, but still a creature” (CCC 395).


The short answer is NO. Fallen angels (as well as good angels) do not have access to the future unless God reveals it to them. As Jesus says in the Gospel of Mark, “But of that day or hour, no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father” (Mark 13:32).


On the other hand, they can make predictions about the future based on observation. Demons by nature are extremely intelligent and can observe people and events very closely, having a sense of what will happen. Essentially they can “predict” the future with limited accuracy, not because they know something hidden, but because they are able to observe and give a general prediction like any smart human.

Can they move physical objects?


Angelic beings are powerful spiritual creatures and have limited power when it comes to physical matter. Most of the time demons perform visual tricks by negatively influencing our minds with illusions, making it appear that something is moving when it is in fact not.


Other times they can move physical objects, making them fly across the room as can be seen in various horror movies. It is a rare occurrence, but can happen. Thomas Aquinas devotes a question in his Summa explaining how this can happen.


t does Satan look like? 

All angels are pure spirits, meaning that they do not posses a physical body, though at times they can take on the appearance of a human or some other creature. The visible form that is often reported in Scripture or popular news stories is merely a facade, a mask they put on so that we can see them with our eyes. Otherwise they are naturally invisible creatures.

Artists have used various images to depict Satan, such as a dragon, serpent, or a some other mythical creature. However, according to Satan’s nature he is without physical form.


Can Satan cast people into Hell?


The Catechism is very clear on this topic, “To die in mortal sin without repenting and accepting God’s merciful love means remaining separated from him for ever by our own free choice. This state of definitive self-exclusion from communion with God and the blessed is called ‘hell’” (CCC 1033).


Simply put, No, Satan can not cast/force people into Hell. We choose to go there out of our own rejection of God. Satan may influence us during our time on earth, but we are still free and make that choice at the end of our lives. If a human goes to Hell, it is because he has chosen to do so and goes there freely.

How To Grow Spiritually As A Catholic

How To Grow Spiritually As A Catholic

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Our Catholic faith is so rich, sometimes it’s hard to know where to start if we want to learn more about it. Should we sit down and read the Bible? Read the Catechism? Discover more about the saints?

The Institute of Catholic Culture-a free adult faith formation platform offering live seminars on a myriad of topics-says that there are any number of ways you can approach increasing your knowledge of the faith. Whether you consider a certain subject area at a time or immerse in topics as you encounter them, as you grow in knowledge, you will increase your capacity to grow in your spiritual life as well.

Here are just 7 paths you could take to continue your faith education:

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Catholics Teaching On Saints. Do We Have To Believe In Them? (Catechism of the Catholic Church)

Catholics Teaching On Saints. Do We Have To Believe In Them? (Catechism of the Catholic Church)

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Q. What do we mean by the “Church Triumphant”? 
A. By the “Church Triumphant” we mean all the faithful now in heaven, rejoicing with God that they have defeated their spiritual enemies and attained their salvation. 

Q. Explain the “Communion of Saints.” 
A. The “Communion of Saints” means that the members of the three branches of the Church can help one another. We can assist the souls in Purgatory by our prayers and good works, while the Saints in heaven intercede for us. 

Q. Does the “Communion of Saints” mean anything else? 
A. The “Communion of Saints” means also that we all share in the merits of Our Lord and in the superabundant satisfaction of the Blessed Virgin and of the Saints, as well as in the prayers and good works of the Church and of the faithful. 

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