Category: Cathechism

Mini Catechism Lessons On Confession And Sin

Mini Catechism Lessons On Confession And Sin

 

Mini Catechism Lesson On Confession And Sin.

How is actual sin divided?

Actual sin is divided into mortal sin and venial sin.

What is mortal sin?

Mortal sin is a serious offence against God.

Why is it called mortal sin?

It is called mortal sin because it is so serious that it kills the soul and deserves Hell.

How does mortal sin kill the soul?

Mortal sin kills the soul by depriving it of sanctifying grace, which is the supernatural life of the soul.

Is it a great evil to fall into mortal sin?

It is the greatest of all evils to fall into mortal sin.

Where will they go who die in mortal sin?

They who die in mortal sin will go to Hell for all eternity.

What is venial sin?

Venial sin is an offence which does not kill the soul, yet displeases God, and often leads to mortal sin.

Why is it called venial sin?

It is called venial sin because it is more easily pardoned than mortal sin 

Penance

What is the Sacrament of Penance?

Penance is a Sacrament whereby the sins, whether mortal or venial, which we have committed after Baptisin are forgiven.

Does the Sacrament of Penance increase the grace of God in the soul?

The Sacrament of Penance increases the grace of God in the soul, besides forgiving sin; we should, therefore, often go to confession.

When did our Lord institute the Sacrament of Penance?

Our Lord instituted the Sacrament of Penance when he breathed on his Apostles and gave them power to forgive sins, saying: ‘Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven’. (John 20:23).

How does the priest forgive sins?

The priest forgives sins by the power of God, when he pronounces the words of absolution.

What are the words of absolution?

The words of absolution are: ‘I absolve you from your sins, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit’.

Are any conditions for forgiveness required on the part of the penitent?

Three conditions for forgiveness are required on the part of the penitent – Contrition, Confession, and Satisfaction.

What is Contrition?

Contrition is a heartfelt sorrow for our sins, because by them we have offended so good a God, together with a firm purpose of amendment.

What is a firm purpose of amendment?

A firm purpose of amendment is a resolution to avoid, by the grace of God, not only sin, but also the dangerous occasions of sin.

How may we obtain a hearty sorrow for our sins?

We may obtain a hearty sorrow for our sins by earnestly praying for it, and by making use of such considerations as may lead us to it.

What consideration concerning God will lead us to sorrow for our sins?

This consideration concerning God will lead us to sorrow for our sins; that by our sins we have offended God, who is infinitely good in himself and infinitely good to us.

What consideration concerning our Saviour will lead us to sorrow for our sins?

This consideration concerning our Saviour will lead us to sorrow for our sins; that our Saviour died for our sins, and that those who sin grievously ‘have wilfully crucified the Son of God and openly mocked him.‘ (Heb. 6:6).

Is sorrow for our sins, because by them we have lost heaven and deserved Hell, sufficient when we go to confession?

Sorrow for our sins, because by them we have lost heaven and deserve Hell, is sufficient when we go to confession.

What is perfect contrition?

Perfect contrition is sorrow for sin arising purely from the love of God.

What special value has perfect contrition?

Perfect contrition has this special value; that by it our sins are forgiven immediately, even before we confess them; but nevertheless, if they are serious, we are strictly bound to confess them afterwards.

What is confession?

Confession is to accuse ourselves of our sins to a priest approved by the Bishop.

What if a person wilfully conceals a serious sin in confession?

If a person wilfully conceals a serious sin in confession he is guilty of a great sacrilege, by telling a lie to the Holy Spirit in making a bad confession.

How many things have we to do in order to prepare for confession?

We have four things to do in order to prepare for confession: first, we must heartily pray for grace to make a good confession: secondly, we must carefully examine our conscience: thirdly, we must take time and care to make a good act of contrition: and fourthly, we must resolve by the help of God to renounce our sins, and to begin a new life for the future.

What is satisfaction?

Satisfaction is doing the penance given us by the priest.

Does the penance given by the priest always make full satisfaction for our sins?

The penance given by the priest does not always make full satisfaction for our sins. We should therefore add to it other good works and penances, and try to gain Indulgences.

(Nihil obstat: Rev. Terry Tekippe, Censor Librorum. Imprimatur: + Most Rev. Francis B. Shulte, Archbishop of New Orleans, 29 December 1989).

PRAYER BEFORE CONFESSION.

(Remember to confess your sins with supernatural sorrow for your sins and with a firm purpose of amendment. Ask your confessor to help you with any difficulties you have in making a good confession).

PRAYER FOR A GOOD CONFESSION.

O my God, by my grievous sins I have crucified again Thy Divine Son and made Him a mockery. For this I have deserved Thy wrath and made myself fit for the fires of Hell. How ungrateful have I been to Thee as well, my heavenly Father, Who created me out of nothing, redeemed me by the precious blood of Thy Son and sanctified me by Thy holy sacraments and by the Holy Ghost. But Thou hast spared me by Thy mercy, to make this confession. Receive me back as Thy prodigal son and grant me to confess well, that I may begin anew to love Thee with my whole heart and soul, and henceforth to keep Thy commandments and suffer patiently whatever temporal punishment may remain. I hope by Thy goodness and power to obtain everlasting life in Paradise. Through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

PRAYERS AFTER CONFESSION.

O Almighty and most merciful God, who, according to the multitude of Thy tender mercies, hast vouchsafed once more to receive Thy prodigal child after so many times going astray from Thee, to this Sacrament of reconciliation; I give Thee thanks with all the power of my soul for this and all other mercies, graces and blessings bestowed on me, and prostrating myself at Thy sacred feet, I offer myself to be henceforth forever Thine. Oh, let nothing in life or death separate me from Thee! I renounce with my whole soul all the acts of treason against Thee, and all the abominations and sins of my past life. I renew the promises I made in Baptism, and from this moment I dedicate myself to Thy love and service. Oh, grant me that for the time to come, I may abhor sin more than death itself, and all such occasions and companions, as have unhappily brought me to it. This I resolve to do by the help of Thy divine grace, without which I can do nothing. I beg Thy blessing upon these my resolutions, that they may not be ineffectual like many others I have formerly made, for, O Lord, without Thee, I am nothing but misery and sin. Supply also, by Thy mercy, whatever defects have been in this my confession, and give me grace to be now and always a true penitent. Through the same Jesus Christ Thy Son. Amen.

The Faithful Are NOT To Use the Orans Posture During the Our Father

The Faithful Are NOT To Use the Orans Posture During the Our Father

A discussion that is common in Catholic parishes between the more orthodox members of the parish and the more “progressive” members is whether or not the faithful should use the Orans Posture during the Our Father. When such a question comes up, the obvious solution is to go to the rubrics. Unfortunately, in this case, the General Instruction on the Roman Missal (GIRM) is relatively silent on the topic. Because of the GIRM’s silence, many people have taken this to mean that the faithful may do whatever they want. However, this is not the case. In the document, Instruction On Certain Questions Regarding the Collaboration of the Non-Ordained Faithful in the Sacred Ministry of Priests, put out by the Vatican on August 15, 1997, we read,

“In eucharistic celebrations deacons and non-ordained members of the faithful may not pronounce prayers — e.g. especially the eucharistic prayer, with its concluding doxology — or any other parts of the liturgy reserved to the celebrant priest. Neither may deacons or non-ordained members of the faithful use gestures or actions which are proper to the same priest celebrant. It is a grave abuse for any member of the non-ordained faithful to “quasi preside” at the Mass while leaving only that minimal participation to the priest which is necessary to secure validity” (ICP Practical Provisions 6 §2).

What the above statement means is that we may not say the Eucharistic prayers along with the priest — believe it or not, I see people mouthing the words along with the priest every week. More importantly to this topic, this also means the faithful may not use the same gestures that are reserved for the priest celebrant.

As mentioned above, the GIRM is silent with regard to the posture of the faithful during the Our Father, however, the Sacramentary (the book of prayers for Mass used by the priest) states that the celebrant is to pray the Our Father with hands extended. Looking back at ICP, the faithful are NOT to use gestures or actions proper to the priest celebrant. Using this argument, one would think that the rubrics could be used to appeal to the faithful. Unfortunately, many of the faithful view the rubrics as another set of rules and those of us who wish to enforce the rubrics are no better than the Pharisees.

In that regard, let us look instead to another reason why the Orans Posture (and subsequently, holding hands) is not an appropriate gesture for the faithful during the Our Father. The Our Father takes place during the Liturgy of the Eucharist. This time of prayer and offering is directed to God (as is the entire Mass, but more specifically during the Liturgy of the Eucharist). As it is directed toward God, the extending and/or holding of hands creates a horizontal emphasis on the prayer, as opposed to the vertical emphasis that it demands. Many people who prefer hand holding or the Orans Posture argue that the Our Fatheris a community prayer, and as such holding and/or extending hands is a visible sign of that community. However, the Our Father is a community prayer, not because we hold or extend our hands, but because we pray it together as the Body of Christ.

On September 3, 1958 the Sacred Congregation for Rites issued a document titled De musica sacra et sacra liturgia(Instruction on Sacred Music and Sacred Liturgy). This document stated, “Since the Pater Noster is a fitting, and ancient prayer of preparation for Communion, the entire congregation may recite this prayer in unison with the priest in low Masses; the Amen at the end is to be said by all” (DM Prayers and Hymns § 32).

It was at this time that the faithful were given permission to pray the Our Father with the priest. However, the faithful maintained the same posture as before – standing, with their hands folded in prayer. Prior to this Instruction, the priest prayed the Our Father on behalf of the faithful. The Orans Posture is representative of praying on behalf of others. The next time you are at Mass, watch the priest’s gestures closely. Anytime he offers prayers on behalf of the faithful, he uses the Orans Posture. Anytime he is offering other prayers, his hands are folded together. Having a better understanding of what particular gestures mean will lead to a better understanding of the Liturgy.

American journalist Hunter S. Thompson was dead on when he said, “Anything worth doing, is worth doing right.” We are talking about the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass here. The Eucharist, “the source and summit of the Christian Life” (LG 11) is consecrated here. Jesus Christ, the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords makes Himself present during the Mass. It is of the utmost importance that we treat the Mass with the respect it deserves. This is not the time nor the place to get creative and inject one’s own style and preferences.

Source: Catholic365

Pope Francis’ Amazing Insight On The 10 Commandments, You Have To Read This

Pope Francis’ Amazing Insight On The 10 Commandments, You Have To Read This

The devil was able to convince Eve of a lie. Do we buy into it too??

Pope Francis has centered on one word in the Bible that helps us to see the Ten Commandments as they should be seen — not as cold directives, but as an invitation to relationship.

The pope offered this reflection this morning at the general audience, as he continued with his new series of catecheses on the commandments.

“In the Bible the commandments do not exist autonomously, but are part of a relationship,” he said.

The Holy Father pointed out that at the beginning of Exodus 20, “we read – and this is important – ‘And God spoke all these words.’”

“It appears to be an opening like any other, but nothing in the Bible is banal,” he said. “The text does not say, ‘And God spoke these commandments,’ but ‘these words.’

“The Jewish tradition always calls the Decalogue ‘the ten Words.’ And the term ‘Decalogue’ is intended to say precisely this. And yet they have the form of laws, they are objectively commandments. Why, then, does the holy Author use, right here, the term ‘ten Words?’ Why? And why not ‘ten commandments?’”

The pope asked what difference lies between a command and a word?

“A command is essentially a communication that does not require dialogue. The word, on the other hand, is the essential means of relations as dialogue. … A word is received, communication is given, and the commandments are words of God: God communicates Himself in these ten Words, and awaits our response.”

Francis noted how different it is to receive an order, versus to “perceive that someone is trying to speak with us.”

And he reflected on how Satan at the beginning was able to deceive Adam and Eve precisely on this point. “He wants to convince them that God has forbidden them to eat the fruit of the tree of good and evil to keep them in submission. The challenge is precisely this: is the first rule that God gave to man the imposition of a despot who forbids and compels, or is it the care of a father who cares for his young and protects them from self-destruction? Is it a word or is it a command?”

“The most tragic, among the many lies that the serpent tells Eve, is the suggestion of an envious deity: ‘But no, God is envious of you’ – and of a possessive deity – ‘God does not want you to have freedom.’ The facts show dramatically that the serpent lied; he made them believe that a word of love was a command.”

Pope Francis said that man is always at this crossroads, facing the question: “Does God impose things or does He take care of me? Are His commandments just a law, or do they contain a word, to care for me? Is God master or father?”

And he answered, “God is the Father: never forget this. Even in the worst situations, think that we have a Father Who loves us all. Are we subjects or offspring?”

“A thousand times we must choose between the mentality of slaves or the mentality of sons. The commandment is that of a father, the word is that of a Father,” he exclaimed.

“The Holy Spirit is a Spirit of sons, He is the Spirit of Jesus,” the pope said. “A spirit of slaves cannot but receive the Law in an oppressive way, and can produce two opposing results: either a life made up of duties and obligations, or a violent reaction of rejection. … The commandments are the path toward freedom, because they are the word of the Father that makes us free in this journey. The world needs not legalism, but care. It needs Christians with the heart of sons. It needs Christians with the heart of sons: do not forget this.”



Is it Ok to Chew Communion Host or Allow to Dissolve in the Mouth?

Is it Ok to Chew Communion Host or Allow to Dissolve in the Mouth?

Pope Benedict XVI celebrates Christmas Eve Mass in St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican

The host may be chewed or simply permitted to dissolve in one’s mouth.

Before the advent of modern hosts, the host would have been more bread-like and for centuries Christians would have had to chew the Eucharist. In the past few centuries, the modern host has evolved and Christians who are uneasy with the idea of chewing the Real Presence can opt to simply let the host dissolve in their mouths.

There is no directive from the Church on this matter. Either way is an acceptable manner of receiving the Eucharist.

READ ON TO LEARN How NOT to receive Jesus in the Eucharist

I am sure you have prepared yourself to receive Jesus in the Eucharist tomorrow. But I do not think of receiving him tomorrow ONLY is enough, it is STAYING with him.

Whenever you go for confession bearing in mind you JUST WANT TO RECEIVE COMMUNION FOR A WHILE, you “Cheat” on God whom you should love. You simply “rob” him and run; you approach him with the plans of hurting him later on. This is NOT CONTRITION, this is DEATH!

Going to Jesus because we want to ALWAYS BE WITH HIM is the one and ONLY way to receive him worthily. You cannot plan to sin against the Lord whom you claim in your prayers (Act of love) to love “Above all” and “Never to sin again” and still nurture the plans of hurting him even while kneeling to receive Penance or the Eucharist. This is fraud and a big sin on our part.

Jesus wants those who are sincere “Father, I have sinned” and they mean “Father, I have sinned against you, I am sorry, I DO NOT WANT TO SIN AGAINST YOU ANYMORE” and not “Father, I have sinned, forgive me today, I want to sin tomorrow, I hope your mercy will remain for me then”.

No matter how many times the priest says “I Absolve you”, you have not been forgiven, instead you may be guilty of even greater sin, that of “Lying to the Holy Spirit” and deserving of “death” which is portrayed in St Peter’s encounter with Ananias, and his wife Sapphira. (not physical death, but committing a sin against the Holy Spirit)
You cannot Sin, come to Jesus’ pool of mercy, (which he suffered and died to give us) and still lie to him, trying to trick him. Oh, what else do we want Jesus to do that he has not done?

Prepare your self, but NEVER APPROACH Jesus in the Sacraments if you are not sincere. If you are suffering from a sinful habit, COME! Jesus will heal you, but never lie or try to trick him by planning sins ahead or living with instruments of sin or sinful companions.

If you go for confession today and sin tomorrow, go back to the confessional, keep struggling against sin, Jesus will always help you, forgiving and helping you up every time, but NEVER LIE about it, admit your guilt, repent sincerely, and Jesus will make you new!

Prayer:

Lord, from time to time you stretch out a hand of friendship, of forgiveness, or love, of peace: help me that i may respond properly; reciprocating your love in my daily life, and through your mercy, merit to dwell with you eternally in heaven, where i shall see you as you truly are, unveiled and burning with love for me. Amen.



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